Unleash the Power of Named Entity Recognition in NLP with Python 3: A Comprehensive Guide for Python Enthusiasts

Named Entity Recognition in NLP | Innovate Yourself


In the vast landscape of Natural Language Processing (NLP), one of the most fascinating and powerful techniques is Named Entity Recognition (NER). If you’re on a quest to master Python and dive into the realms of NLP, you’re in for a treat. In this guide, we’ll walk through the intricacies of Named Entity Recognition using Python 3, employing the ever-friendly PyCharm IDE. Let’s embark on this journey to unlock the secrets of extracting valuable information from text!

What is Named Entity Recognition?

At its core, Named Entity Recognition is a subtask of NLP that involves identifying and classifying entities (such as names of persons, organizations, locations, dates, and more) within a body of text. Imagine the power of automating the extraction of critical information from vast amounts of unstructured data – that’s the magic of NER.

Setting Up Your PyCharm Environment

Before we dive into the code, ensure you have Python 3 installed on your system and PyCharm up and running. If you haven’t installed PyCharm yet, you can grab it from here. Create a new Python project, and let’s get started!

Installing Essential Libraries

NER is made accessible through powerful libraries. Open your PyCharm terminal and install the following packages:

pip install nltk
pip install spacy

Loading a Sample Dataset

To illustrate NER, let’s use a sample dataset. For our Python enthusiasts, we’ll employ a dataset related to programming languages. You can find it here. Download it and load it into your project. Now, let’s delve into the code.

# Importing libraries
import nltk
from nltk import word_tokenize
from nltk.tag import pos_tag
from nltk.chunk import ne_chunk

# Download necessary resources for NLTK

# Sample dataset
text = "Python is a versatile programming language. Guido van Rossum created Python in 1989."

# Tokenizing and POS tagging
tokens = word_tokenize(text)
tagged = pos_tag(tokens)

# Applying Named Entity Recognition
entities = ne_chunk(tagged)

# Displaying the result
[nltk_data] Downloading package punkt to
[nltk_data]     C:\Users\gspl-p6\AppData\Roaming\nltk_data...
[nltk_data]   Package punkt is already up-to-date!
[nltk_data] Downloading package maxent_ne_chunker to
[nltk_data]     C:\Users\gspl-p6\AppData\Roaming\nltk_data...
[nltk_data]   Package maxent_ne_chunker is already up-to-date!
[nltk_data] Downloading package words to
[nltk_data]     C:\Users\gspl-p6\AppData\Roaming\nltk_data...
[nltk_data]   Package words is already up-to-date!
  (GPE Python/NNP)
  (PERSON Guido/NNP)
  (PERSON Rossum/NNP)
  (PERSON Python/NNP)

This code snippet tokenizes the text, performs Part-of-Speech (POS) tagging, and then applies Named Entity Recognition using NLTK. Run this code in PyCharm, and witness the magic unfold as entities are identified within the text.

Harnessing the Power of SpaCy

While NLTK is a robust tool, SpaCy offers a more streamlined and efficient approach to NLP. Let’s see how we can achieve NER using SpaCy.

# Importing SpaCy
import spacy

# Loading SpaCy's English NLP model
nlp = spacy.load('en_core_web_sm')

# Applying Named Entity Recognition with SpaCy
doc = nlp(text)

# Extracting entities and labels
for ent in doc.ents:
    print(f"Entity: {ent.text}, Label: {ent.label_}")
Entity: Guido van Rossum, Label: PERSON
Entity: 1989, Label: DATE

SpaCy simplifies the process significantly, providing clear and concise results. Run this code in PyCharm and witness the efficiency of SpaCy in action.

Visualizing the Results

As Python enthusiasts, we appreciate the power of visualization. Let’s create a simple bar plot to visualize the distribution of entity labels in our text using Matplotlib.

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

# Extracting entity labels
labels = [ent.label_ for ent in doc.ents]

# Plotting the distribution
plt.bar(set(labels), [labels.count(label) for label in set(labels)])
plt.xlabel('Entity Labels')
plt.title('Distribution of Entity Labels')
Named Entity Recognition in NLP | Innovate Yourself

This code snippet utilizes Matplotlib to visualize the distribution of entity labels. Run it in PyCharm, and behold the graphical representation of entities within your text.


Congratulations, Python enthusiasts! You’ve just scratched the surface of the powerful world of Named Entity Recognition in NLP using Python 3. Armed with NLTK, SpaCy, and the visual prowess of Matplotlib, you’re well on your way to mastering this essential NLP technique.

Remember, the key to proficiency is practice. Experiment with different datasets, explore advanced NLP models, and keep pushing the boundaries of what you can achieve with Python.

Also, check out our other playlist Rasa ChatbotInternet of thingsDockerPython ProgrammingMachine Learning, Natural Language ProcessingMQTTTech NewsESP-IDF etc.
Become a member of our social family on youtube here.
Stay tuned and Happy Learning. ✌🏻😃
Happy coding, and may your NLP endeavors be both enlightening and rewarding! ❤️🔥

Leave a Reply