Master Text Summarization in NLP Using Python 3: A Step-by-Step Guide with PyCharm

Text Summarization in NLP using Python | Innovate Yourself


Welcome, aspiring Python enthusiasts! In the vast realm of Natural Language Processing (NLP), text summarization stands out as a crucial skill. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the intricacies of text summarization using Python 3, providing you with a step-by-step walkthrough, detailed explanations, and full code with visualizations using PyCharm. Whether you’re a seasoned developer or just starting your Python journey, buckle up for an exciting ride into the world of NLP!

Understanding Text Summarization:

Text summarization is a fascinating field within NLP that involves condensing a piece of text while retaining its core information. Whether you’re dealing with articles, documents, or any other text-based data, the ability to generate concise summaries can be a game-changer.

Setting Up Your Environment with PyCharm:

Before we dive into the intricacies of text summarization, let’s ensure you have the right tools. PyCharm, a powerful Python IDE, is our weapon of choice for this journey. If you haven’t installed it yet, head over to PyCharm’s official website to get the latest version.

Once you’re all set up with PyCharm, create a new Python project, and let’s get started!

Importing Necessary Libraries:

To begin our text summarization adventure, we need some essential libraries. Fire up your PyCharm and make sure to install the following packages using your preferred package manager:

# Install required libraries
pip install nltk
pip install sumy
pip install matplotlib

Exploring the NLTK Library:

The Natural Language Toolkit (NLTK) is a powerhouse for NLP tasks. Let’s leverage NLTK for text summarization. First, import the library and download the punkt package:

import nltk'punkt')

Now, let’s move on to a practical example using a sample dataset.

Loading a Sample Dataset:

For this tutorial, we’ll use the popular Gutenberg corpus. You can access it using NLTK:

from nltk.corpus import gutenberg

# Select a sample document
document = gutenberg.raw('shakespeare-hamlet.txt')

Tokenization and Sentence Splitting:

Tokenization is the process of breaking down text into individual words or phrases. NLTK’s sent_tokenize can be handy for sentence splitting:

from nltk.tokenize import sent_tokenize

sentences = sent_tokenize(document)

Now that we have our sentences, it’s time to move on to the core of text summarization.

Text Summarization Using Sumy:

Sumy is a robust library that simplifies text summarization. Let’s install it and use it to generate a summary:

from sumy.parsers.plaintext import PlaintextParser
from sumy.nlp.tokenizers import Tokenizer
from sumy.summarizers.lsa import LsaSummarizer

# Creating a parser and tokenizer
parser = PlaintextParser.from_string(document, Tokenizer('english'))

# Initializing the LSA summarizer
summarizer = LsaSummarizer()

# Generating a summary
summary = summarizer(parser.document, sentences_count=5)
(<Sentence: Whereon old Norwey, ouercome with ioy, Giues him three thousand Crownes in Annuall Fee, And his Commission to imploy those Soldiers So leuied as before, against the Poleak: With an intreaty heerein further shewne, That it might please you to giue quiet passe Through your Dominions, for his Enterprize, On such regards of safety and allowance, As therein are set downe>, <Sentence: Leaue me Friends: 'Tis now the verie witching time of night, When Churchyards yawne, and Hell it selfe breaths out Contagion to this world.>, <Sentence: To whose huge Spoakes, ten thousand lesser things Are mortiz'd and adioyn'd: which when it falles, Each small annexment, pettie consequence Attends the boystrous Ruine.>, <Sentence: To draw apart the body he hath kild, O're whom his very madnesse like some Oare Among a Minerall of Mettels base Shewes it selfe pure.>, <Sentence: Let him go Gertrude: Do not feare our person: There's such Diuinity doth hedge a King, That Treason can but peepe to what it would, Acts little of his will.>)

Visualizing the Results:

No tutorial is complete without a visual representation of our accomplishments. Let’s use Matplotlib to create a bar chart showcasing the original text and its summary:

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

# Plotting the results
labels = ['Original Text', 'Summary']
lengths = [len(document), len(str(summary))], lengths, color=['blue', 'orange'])
plt.xlabel('Text Type')
plt.ylabel('Length (characters)')
plt.title('Original Text vs. Summarized Text Length')
Text Summarization in NLP using Python | Innovate Yourself


Congratulations! You’ve just taken a deep dive into text summarization using Python 3 and PyCharm. We covered the fundamentals, explored NLTK for preprocessing, utilized Sumy for summarization, and visualized our results with Matplotlib.

Remember, mastering Python is a journey, not a destination. Keep experimenting, exploring, and building.

Also, check out our other playlist Rasa ChatbotInternet of thingsDockerPython ProgrammingMachine Learning, Natural Language ProcessingMQTTTech NewsESP-IDF etc.
Become a member of our social family on youtube here.
Stay tuned and Happy Learning. ✌🏻😃
Happy coding, and may your NLP endeavors be both enlightening and rewarding! ❤️🔥

Leave a Reply